Website uses Compass content in violation of copyright law

‘Catholic Tribune Wisconsin’ funded by Chicago firm that runs similar sites in other states

ALLOUEZ — A website purporting to be Catholic is featuring stories and other information from around Wisconsin. The website is part of a network that uses content from diocesan newspapers — including stories from The Compass — without permission.

Catholic Tribune Wisconsin, which began posting stories on Jan. 24, 2020, is a product of Franklin Archer, a Chicago-based media company that publishes hundreds of business and local secular news websites around the country.

This screenshot of Catholic Tribune Wisconsin shows a story that originally appeared in the May 22 issue of The Compass. The story was taken from The Compass website and used without permission, a violation of copyright laws.

The company’s website, franklinarcher.com, states that it is “the largest producer of local news in the United States. We help foster community by covering the people and organizations that make up your neighborhoods.”

News reports in 2019, however, revealed that the websites tend to foster a political agenda.

According to michigandaily.com, one of Franklin Archer’s publications, the print edition of Hinsdale School News, “infringed upon the name and logo trademarks of Hinsdale High School District 86 in Illinois and potentially violated election law by attempting to influence the vote on a $140 million school district referendum.”

The Michigan Daily article, headlined, “Pseudo local news sites in Michigan reveal nationally expanding network,” surmised that these websites that claim to report local news may have another agenda.

Politically motivated news stories

“With 2020 elections just around the corner, Michigan’s critical role as a swing state has made the community especially wary of politically motivated news stories,” the article stated.

Franklin Archer’s move to religious news is a surprise to Priyanjana Bengani, a senior research fellow at Columbia Journalism School’s Tow Center for Digital Journalism. Bengani wrote an in-depth article for Columbia Journalism Review (CJR) in December 2019 exploring the proliferation of local news outlets.

“Wow, I didn’t realize there were religious publications (created by Franklin Archer), too,” she told The Compass June 9, “but I guess it makes sense.”

Bengani wrote that an investigation by the Tow Center for Digital Journalism discovered at least 450 websites in a network of local and business news organizations. “Franklin Archer’s Local News Network (is) the single largest network with almost 130 sites,” said Bengani.

“The networks can be traced back to conservative businessman Brian Timpone,” Bengani wrote in CJR. “In 2012, Timpone’s company, Journatic, an outlet known for its low-cost automated story generation (which became known as ‘pink slime journalism’), attracted national attention and outrage for faking bylines and quotes, and for plagiarism. Journatic rebranded as Locality Labs in 2013; Locality Labs is behind many of the publications we discovered that mimic the appearance and output of traditional news organizations.”

Website uses diocesan newspaper content

The Catholic Tribune Wisconsin website’s home page is filled with headlines about Catholic related news from around Wisconsin. Many of the stories appeared first in the state’s diocesan newspapers and were posted on their websites. Others are taken from diocesan Facebook and YouTube pages, as well as parish bulletins.

One story, “Drive-through meals served by Kaukauna parishes,” was posted June 5 with story credit to Mary Lou Lang. The story originally appeared in The Compass on May 22.

Lang, whose byline appears on numerous stories from The Compass, and who writes stories for other Franklin Archer publications, did not respond to an email from The Compass.

The story quoted The Compass extensively. However, no permission was given by The Compass, even though its website states: “Reproduction of material from this website without written permission is strictly prohibited.” At least 14 Compass stories were rebranded and published on the website.

‘Seems like plagarism’

Other stories were written by staff members from the Madison Catholic Herald. Mary Uhler, editor, told The Compass that using content from her diocese’s publication “seems like plagiarism.”

“This site never contacted us to publish our articles, so I am definitely not happy about this,” she said. “It’s interesting that their site is copyrighted.”

In addition to Wisconsin, Franklin Archer publishes identical Catholic Tribune websites for Minnesota, Michigan, Florida, and Arizona all with the same approach: content taken from diocesan publications, news releases and parish bulletins.

Kim Vercauteren, executive director of the Wisconsin Catholic Conference, said she was unaware of the website and that it could easily be mistaken as a news outlet officially sponsored by the state’s dioceses.

‘Not affiliated with any Wisconsin Catholic diocese’

“The Wisconsin Catholic Conference issues statewide Catholic media releases with the cooperation of recognized and trusted diocesan media networks,” she said. “The Catholic Tribune Wisconsin is not one of these recognized media services and is not affiliated with, nor authorized by, any Wisconsin Catholic diocese.”

The Compass contacted Franklin Archer through its website June 5 (the website does not include names of any personnel) and asked for clarification. “(Catholic Tribune) has news stories attributed to The Compass, basically taking our content and reposting without permission,” The Compass wrote in an email. After a follow-up email, Michael Timpone, who is CEO of Franklin Archer and brother of Locality Labs’ Brain Timpone, responded June 9.

“Our apologies,” wrote Timpone. “It was our mistake. Our mass content team took those stories as press releases. We have since gone back, fixed them all and have reset the team so that will not happen in the future. If you have any other issues as you go forward, don’t hesitate to reach out.”

In reply to Timpone’s email, The Compass asked what the purpose is of the website. “It seems to duplicate information all five Wisconsin dioceses provide,” The Compass wrote. “Are you not concerned that people might see this information as coming directly from a diocesan source?”

As of June 14, Timpone did not respond, nor were stories from The Compass removed from his website.

The Catholic Tribune also has a presence on social media, where stories originating in The Compass are shared on Facebook.

Violation of copyright law

Timothy Feldhausen of the law firm of Davis & Kuelthau, s.c., diocesan attorney for the Diocese of Green Bay, said the Catholic Tribune’s use of original material generated by The Compass is likely in violation of copyright law.

“Although there are some exceptions, such as the ‘fair use’ doctrine, another party simply reusing an author’s material by republishing content would not fall under such an exemption and would likely constitute copyright infringement,” said Feldhausen.

“In the world of easy to access news and media, it is unfortunately also easy to take the copyrighted materials of others and pass them off as original content,” he said. “Catholic media, like other content creators, need to be alert to violations of intellectual property law in order to protect against improper use (or worse, distortion) of Catholic news and content.”

While the content posted on Catholic Tribune Wisconsin is not objectionable, its objective remains unknown and lacks transparency regarding its owners. No ads are posted on the website, which would be a revenue source. Each story includes an invitation to submit an email address to receive alerts about new offerings.

Harvesting email addresses

Other news outlets investigating Franklin Archer and other similar publishing outlets point to email address harvesting as a way to push out political messages before the November elections.

Each story posted on the Catholic Tribune website includes an invitation for viewers to sign up for notifications. News reports surmise that this “harvesting” of email addresses may be part of a plan to use email addresses for an election email campaign.

“I think that’s the assumption we’re working with as well,” CJR’s Bengani told The Compass. “Harvest email addresses, and then use it to target the recipients with ‘something.’”

Nieman Journalism Lab, which also investigated the use of local news outlets for political gains, warned:

“As the 2020 campaign gets into full swing in the U.S., so do ways to try to deceive news consumers.”